By Dr Relebohile Ncha
We have just celebrated International Women’s day and what better way to continue
celebrating our womanhood than to talk about taking care of our priced passion, our
reproductive system. There are so many illnesses that can impact on the health our
reproductive system and these can lead to medical complications such as infertility.
The two most common conditions that can have a great impact on the fertility status of a woman
are endometriosis and pelvic Inflammation disease (PID). I am certain that you have heard
about these but let’s explore them a little bit.
Endometriosis is a medical condition where the endometrial tissue that lines the uterus, which
is the tissue that bleeds during menstrual periods, is found outside of the uterus. This tissue can
be displaced and deposit in the pelvic area, the ovaries, and fallopian tubes and rarely within the
abdominal wall. When a woman goes through her menstrual period, the displaced tissues found
in other parts of the body continue to act like normal tissue and bleeds during the menstrual
periods. The bleeding that occur leads to inflammation and this leads to symptoms such as
pelvic pain (lower abdominal pain), severe menstrual pains, abnormal heavy bleeding and pain
during intercourse and these symptoms can impact negatively on your quality of life. The
inflammation that is caused by the displaced tissue leads to scarring around that area, which
may lead to infertility. When you experience these symptoms, please visit your GP.
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